References Used in the Website

This page contains all the references used by articles in this website.

Mayflower Book

References in passages from the book “Telling the Mayflower Story” by Danny Reilly and Steve Cushion.

3          Thomas, G. E., 1975,“Puritans, Indians, and the Concept of Race”,The New England Quarterly, 48, no. 1.p.11.

4         Gonnella Frichner, Tonya, 2010, ‘Impact on Indigenous Peoples of the International Legal construct known as the Doctrine of Discovery, which has served as the Foundation of the Violation of their Human Rights‘, New York: UN Economic and Social Council, p.1

16 Calder, Angus,1998, Revolutionary Empire: The Rise of the English-Speaking Empire from the Fifteenth Century to the 1780s, London: Pimlico, p.124

17  Jennings, 1976, The Invasion of America, pp.270 & 288/9

18  Thomas, Puritans, Indians, and the Concept of Race, p.12-15, although Young, Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers, written in 1841, does tell the same story from Standish’s perspective


20  Grenier, John, 2008, The First Way of War: American War Making on the Frontier 1607-1814, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p.29.

21  Newell, 2015, Brethren by Nature, p. 137

22  ibid. p. 134

23  Foner and Garraty. The Reader’s Companion to American History

24 Lepore, Jill,1999, The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American identity, New York: Vintage Books

25  Thomas, Puritans, Indians, and the Concept of Race, p.21.

26  Slave certificate 12th September 1676 in Lepore,1999, The Name of War, p.163.

27  Grenier, 2008, The First Way of War, p.21.

28 Carrington, Selwyn, “The American Revolution and the British West Indies’ Economy”, The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 17, no. 4 (1987)., pp. 823–850.

29 ‘Charter of the Colony of the Massachusetts Bay in New England,’ in Morgan, The Founding of Massachusetts, pp.303-330.

30 Thomas, Puritans, Indians, and the Concept of Race, p.5.

31 Calder, Angus, Revolutionary Empire, p.202-3.

32 Parker, Matthew, 2011, The Sugar Barons: Family, Corruption, Empire and War, London: Hutchinson, p.19.

33 Mather, Cotton, 1706, The Negro Christianized: An Essay to Excite and Assist that Good Work, the Instruction of Negro-Servants in Christianity, Boston: Green, p.2.

34 Greene, Lorenzo, 1942,The Negro in Colonial New England, 1620-1776. New York: Columbia University Press, p.61.

35 Winthrop, John, 1908, Winthrop’s journal : “History of New England”, 1630-1649, New York: Scribner, p.260.

36 Von Frank, Albert J. 1994, “John Saffin: Slavery and Racism in Colonial Massachusetts.” Early American Literature 29, no. 3, p.259.

37 Jordan, Winthrop, 1961, “The Influence of the West Indies on the Origins of New England Slavery.” The William and Mary Quarterly 18, no. 2, p.244.

38 Farrow, Anne; Lang, Joel and Frank, Jenifer, 2008,Complicity: How the North Promoted, Prolonged, and Profited from Slavery, New York: Ballantine, p.77; Greene, Lorenzo, 1928, “Slave- Holding New England and Its Awakening.” The Journal of Negro History 13, no.4p.513.

39 Greene, The Negro in Colonial New England, p.75.

40 Thomas Dudley, ‘Letter to the Countess of Lincoln’, in Young, Chronicles of the First Planters of Massachusetts Bay, p. 312.

42 Calder, Revolutionary Empire, p.135.

43 Phillips, American Negro Slavery, p.99.

44 Parker, The Sugar Barons, pp.17, 35-37.

45 Farrow et al, Complicity, p.70-72.

46 Parker, The Sugar Barons p.35-6.

47 Gragg, Larry D. 1993, “A Puritan in the West Indies: The Career of Samuel Winthrop.” The William and Mary Quarterly, 50, no. 4, pp.771-4.

48 Klein, Herbert, 1978, The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp.133-4.

49 Greene, The Negro in Colonial New England, pp.30-31.

50 Bailey, Ronald, 1990, “The Slave(ry) Trade and the Development of Capitalism in the United States: The Textile Industry in New England.” Social Science History 14, no. 3, p.385.

52 Fuentes, Marisa J. and White, Deborah Gray (Eds.), 2016, Scarlet and Black: Slavery and Dispossession in Rutgers History, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

53 Greene, The Negro in Colonial New England, pp.68-9.

54 A Statement of the Massachusetts Trade and Fisheries.

55 Bailey,The Slave(ry) Trade and the Development of Capitalism in the United States, p.374.

56 Farrow, Lang and Frank, Complicity, p.121.

57 Bailey, Ronald, 1994, “The Other Side of Slavery: Black Labor, Cotton, and Textile Industrialization in Great Britain and the United States.” Agricultural History, Vol. 68, no. 2, p.46.

58 Genovese, Eugene, 1971, In Red and Black: Marxian explorations in Southern and Afro- American History, Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

61 General Bradock to Shingas, a leader of the Delaware (Lenape) people 1755. Quoted in Gott, Richard. 2011. Britain’s Empire, London, Verso, p.16

  1.  Grenier, 2008, The First Way of War, pp.33, 39 & 52
  2.   Horne, Gerald, The Apocalypse of Settler Colonialism: The Roots of Slavery, White Supremacy, and Capitalism in Seventeenth-Century North America and the Caribbean, New York: Monthly Review, 2018
  3.  Quoted in Gott, Richard, 2011. Britain’s Empire, London, Verso, p.28.

65 Quoted in Cozzens, Peter, 2016, The Earth is Weeping, London: Atlantic Books, p. 106)

66 Gott, 2011, Britain’s Empire, p.37.

67 Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne, 2018, “Loaded: a disarming history of the second amendment”,Monthly Review, Jan 2018, p. 26

68 Cozzens, 2016, The Earth is Weeping, p. 13

69 Grenier, 2008, The First Way of War, p.147

70 Ibid, p.203

71 Dunbar-Ortiz, Roxanne, 2014, An Indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States, Boston, USA, Beacon Press, p. 29

72  Ibid. p. 95

73  Grenier, 2008, The First Way of War, p.204

74  Cozzens, 2016, The Earth is Weeping, 2017, p. 14

75  Grenier, 2005, The First Way of War, p.222

76 Madley, Benjamin, 2016, An American Genocide, The United States and the California Catastrophe, 1846-1873, London, Yale University Press, p.342

  1.  Dunbar-Ortiz, 2014, An Indigenous Peoples’ History, p. 129
  2. Madley, 2016, An American Genocide
  4. Dunbar-Ortiz, 2014, An Indigenous Peoples’ History, p. 153

81 Grann, David. Killers of the Flower Moon: Oil, Money, Murder and the Birth of the FBI, London: Simon & Schuster

General References

References used by articles or posts on this site.


Bunker, Nick (2010) Making Haste From Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World: a new history, London, Bodley Head. (p. 412)
Fraser, Antonia (1973) Cromwell: Our Chief of Men, London, Wedenfeld and Nicolson (pp. 526-530)
Fraser, Rebecca (2017) The Mayflower Generation: The Winslow family and the Fight for the New World, London, Chatto & Windus (pp. 210-215)
Green, Steven K. (2015), “Inventing a Christian America: The Myth of the Religious Founding”, Oxford, Oxford University Press
Hill, Christopher (1972) God’s Englishman: Oliver Cromwell and the English Revolution, London, Penguin Book (p. 153)
Sargent, Mark L. (1988), “The Conservative Covenant: The Rise of the Mayflower Compact in American Myth”, The New England Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), pp. 233-251
Swingen, Abigail L. (2015) Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, p.44-45.
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