Reading Recommendations

The selected:  A) reading list in sections; B) reading list in alphabetical order; C)  Reviews and excerpts; D) websites  listed below are designed to provide those interested in the various issues surrounding the Mayflower 2020 commemoration with some avenues to explore. They do not pretend to be complete and they will be continuously added to.

A) reading list in sections

Indigenous Americans

Brown, D. (1972) ‘Bury my Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West’, London, Pan Books

Brown, D. (2004) ‘The American West’, London, Pocket Books, Simon & Schuster

Calloway, C.G. and Salisbury, N. (eds.) (2004) ‘Reinterpreting New England Indians and the Colonial Experience’, University of Virginia Press. [The Colonial Society of Mass. 2003] [Review American Indian Quarterly, 29:3&4 Sum/Fall 2003, Uni of Nabraska]

Cozzens, Peter (2016), ‘The earth is weeping’, London, Atlantic Books

Deloria, Philip and Neal Salisbury, Neal (eds.) (2004), ‘A Companion to American Indian History’, Wiley, Blackwell.

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2014) ‘An indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States’, Boston, USA, Beacon Press

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2019) ‘An indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States FOR YOUNG PEOPLE’, Boston, USA, Beacon Press

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2016) ‘All the real Indians died off and 20 other myths about Native Americans’, Boston, USA, Beacon Press

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2018) “Loaded: A Disarming History of the Second Amendment”,  Boston, USA, Beacon Press

Grann, David (2017) Killers of the Flower Moon: Oil, Money, Murder and the Birth of the FBI, New York City: Simon and Schuster.

Gray, K. (2016) ‘Native American Voices in Colonial North America’ in Routledge Companion to Native American Literature, ed. Deborah Madsen. Routledge,

Grenier, John (2008), The first Way of war: American war making on the frontier 1607 – 1814, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Jennings, F. (1976) The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism and the Cant of Conquest, New York, Norton & Co.

Karuka, Manu (2019), ‘Empire’s Tracks: Indigenous Nations, Chinese Workers and the Transcontinental Railroad’, Oakland, University of California Press

Madley, Benjamin (2016) An American Genocide, The United States and the California Catastrophe, 1846-1873, London, Yale University Press

Resendez, Andres (2016), ‘The other slavery’, Boston, Houghton

Richter, Daniel (2001), ‘Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America’ Cambridge, Mass : Harvard UP.

Saunton, Claudio (2020) Unworthy Republic: The Dispossession of Native Americans and the Road to Indian Territory, New York, W.W. Norton & Co.

Wolfe, P (2006) ‘Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native’, Journal of Genocide Research, Dec. 2006, Vol. 8 No. 6, pp.389 -409

Woolford, A. et al (Eds.) (2014) ‘Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America’, Duke University Press

Wyss, Hilary (2000), ‘Writing Indians: Literacy, Christianity, and Native Community in Early America’, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

 

Mayflower Myths

Baker, J.W. (2009), “Thanksgiving: the biography of an American Holiday”, Durham, New Hampshire, University of New Hampshire Press

Green, Steven K. (2015), “Inventing a Christian America: The Myth of the Religious Founding”, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Sargent, Mark L. (1988), “The Conservative Covenant: The Rise of the Mayflower Compact in American Myth”, The New England Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), pp. 233-251

Mayflower Story

Bunker, N. (2010) Making Haste From Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World: a new history, London: Bodley Head.

Cheetham, J.K. (2001) ‘On the trail of the Pilgrim Fathers’, Edinburgh, Luath.

Evans, James (2017) ‘Emigrants: why the English sailed to the New World’. Orio/ W&N

Fraser, Rebecca (2017) The Mayflower Generation: The Winslow family and the Fight for the New World, London, Chatto & Windus

Gaskill, M. (2014) ‘Between two worlds: how the English became Americans’, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Gill, C (1970) Mayflower Remembered: A history of the Plymouth Pilgrims, Newton Abbot: David & Charles

Heath, D.B. (1963) Mourt’s Relation: a Journal of the Plymouth Pilgrims, Massachusetts: Applewood Books.

Mather, Cotton (1706) The Negro Christianized: An Essay to Excite and Assist that Good Work, the Instruction of Negro-Servants in Christianity, Boston: Green.

Milbrandt, Jay (2017) They Came for Freedom Nashville, Nelson Books

Morgan, Edmund (1964) The Founding of Massachusetts: Historians and the Sources, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Philbrick, N. (2007) ‘Mayflower: A voyage to War’, London, Harper Perrenial

Pilgrim Society (1871) The Proceedings at the celebration by the Pilgrim Society at Plymouth, : December 21, 1870 of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the landing of the pilgrims, Plymouth: John Wilson and Son.

The New England /Caribbean Connections

Carrington, Selwyn (1987) “The American Revolution and the British West Indies’ Economy” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 17, no. 4.

Farrow, A., Lang, J., and Frank, J., (2006) ‘How the North Promoted, Prolonged and Profited from Slavery ‘ , New York, Ballantine Books

Gibson, C. (2015) ‘Empire’s Crossroads: A new history of the Caribbean’, London, Pan Macmillan

Gragg, Larry D. (1993) “A Puritan in the West Indies: The Career of Samuel Winthrop.” The William and Mary Quarterly50, no. 4 pp.768-86.

Jordan, Winthrop (1961) “The Influence of the West Indies on the Origins of New England Slavery.” The William and Mary Quarterly 18, no. 2 pp.243-50.

Kimball, Eric, ‘What do we have to do with slavery’: New Englanders and the Slave Economies of the West Indies, Chapter 8 p. 181-194. In Beckert, Sven and Rockman, Seth, (2016) Slavery’s Capitalism: A New History of American Economic Development, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press

Newell, Margaret Ellen, (2015) ‘Brethren by nature: New England Colonists and the origin of American Slavery’, New York, Cornell University Press.

Parker, Matthew (2011) The Sugar Barons: Family, Corruption, Empire and War, London: Hutchinson.

Swingen, Abigail L. (2015) Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Warren, Wendy (2016) “New England Bound: slavery and colonization in early America”, New York, W.W. Norton & Co.

Cromwell

Bunker, Nick (2010) Making Haste From Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World: a new history, London, Bodley Head. (p. 412)

Fraser, Antonia (1973) Cromwell: Our Chief of Men, London, Wedenfeld and Nicolson (pp. 526-530)
Fraser, Rebecca (2017) The Mayflower Generation: The Winslow family and the Fight for the New World, London, Chatto & Windus (pp. 210-215)
Hill, Christopher (1972) God’s Englishman: Oliver Cromwell and the English Revolution, London, Penguin Book (p. 153)
Hill, Christopher (1980) The Century of Revolution 1603-1714, Walton-on-Thames, Nelson & Sons
Swingen, Abigail L. (2015) Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press, p.44-45.

Slavery

Bailey, Ronald (1994) “The Other Side of Slavery: Black Labor, Cotton, and Textile Industrialization in Great Britain and the United States.” Agricultural History, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 35–50.

Bailey, Ronald (1990) “The Slave(ry) Trade and the Development of Capitalism in the United States: The Textile Industry in New England.” Social Science History14, no. 3 pp.373-414.

Baptist, Edward (2015) The Half Has Never Been Told, New York: Basic Books.

Bhandar, B. (2018) ‘Colonial Lives of Property: Law, Land, and Racial Regimes of Ownership’, Duke University Press

Blackburn, R. (1997) ‘The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern 1492-1800’, London, Verso

Bohrer, Ashley (2018) “Just Wars of Accumulation: the Salamanaca School, Race and Colonial Capitalism”,Race & Class, Jan 2018, Vol. 56, No.3.

Borucki, A. et al, (2015) “Atlantic History and the Slave Trade to Spanish America”, American Historical Review 120, no. 2 (2015): 433–61

Evans, Chris (2010), “Slave Wales: The Welsh and Atlantic Slavery 1660-1850”, Cardiff, University of Wales Press

Greene, Lorenzo (1928) “Slave-Holding New England and Its Awakening.” The Journal of Negro History13, no. 4pp.492-533.

Greene, Lorenzo (1942) The Negro in Colonial New England, 1620-1776. New York: Columbia University Press.

Horne, Gerald (2014), ‘The Counter-Revolution of 1776: Slave Resistance and the Origins of the United States of America’, New York, NYU Press, pp. 363, ISBN: 9781479893409

Horne, Gerald (2018), The Apocalypse of Settler Colonialism: The Roots of Slavery, White Supremacy, and Capitalism in Seventeenth-Century North America and the Caribbean, New York: Monthly Review.

Klein, Herbert (1978) The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Newell, Margaret Ellen, (2015) ‘Brethren by nature: New England Colonists and the origin of American Slavery’, New York, Cornell University Press.

Resendez, Andres (2016), ‘The other slavery’, Boston, Houghton

Ogden, Nancy, Catherine Perkins, and David M. Donahue (2008) “Not a Peculiar Institution: Challenging Students’ Assumptions about Slavery in U.S. History.” The History Teacher41, no. 4: 469-88.

Parker, Matthew (2011) The Sugar Barons: Family, Corruption, Empire and War, London: Hutchinson.

Phillips, Ulrich (1918) American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Régime, New York: Appleton.

Steeds, Mark & Ball, Roger 2020, “From Wulfstan to Colston: Severing the sinews of slavery in Bristol”, Bristol, Bristol Radical History Group

Thomas, H. (1997) ‘The Slave Trade: the history of the Atlantic Slave-Trade, 1440-1870’ London, Picador

Warren, Wendy (2016) “New England Bound: slavery and colonization in early America”, New York, W.W. Norton & Co.

General

Bunker, N. (2010) Making Haste From Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World: a new history, London: Bodley Head.

Calder, Angus (1998) Revolutionary Empire: The Rise of the English-Speaking Empire from the Fifteenth Century to the 1780s, London: Pimlico.

Farrell G. (2017) “Ulster as a Colony in the Atlantic World.” In: The ‘Mere Irish’ and the Colonisation of Ulster, 1570-1641. Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

Gopal, Priyamvada (2019), ‘Insurgent Empire: Anticolonial Resistance and British Dissent’, London, Verso

Gott, R. (2011) ‘Britain’s Empire: Resistance, repression and Revolt’, London, Verso

Grenier, John (2008), The first Way of war: American war making on the frontier 1607 – 1814, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Haden, John (2019), ‘Celebrating Mayflower 400 1620-2020 – but what about the Native Americans‘, Tollerton, Nottinghamshire, Barny Books

Harris, Clive (ed.) (2008) Three Continents, one history: Birmingham, the Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Caribbean, Birmingham Afro-Caribbean Millennium Centre

Jennings, F. (1976) The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism and the Cant of Conquest, New York, Norton & Co.

Lepore, Jill (1999), The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity, New York, Vintage Books.

Linebaugh, P. and Rediker, M., (2012) The Many-Headed Hydra: The Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic, London, Verso.

Quigley, L. (2012) ‘Blood British history: Plymouth’ Stroud, UK, The History Press

RACE & CLASS (1992) ‘The Curse of Columbus’, Jan 1992, Vol. 33, No.3

Sherwood, Marika (2007) After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade since 1807, London, I.B. Tauris.

Shorto, Russell (2014), The Island at the Centre of the World, London: Abacus.

Thomas, G. E. (1975) “Puritans, Indians, and the Concept of Race”, The New England Quarterly 48, no. 1  pp.3-27.

United Nations (2010), ‘Impact on Indigenous Peoples of the International Legal construct known as the Doctrine of Discovery, which has served as the Foundation of the Violation of their Human Rights‘, Tonya Gonnella Frichner author of E/C.19/2010/13, New York, UN Economic and Social Council.

Vaughan, V. A.,  New England Frontier: Puritans and Indians, 1620-1675

Vickers, D. (ed.) (2005) ‘A companion to colonial America’  Blackwell

Von Frank, Albert J. (1994) “John Saffin: Slavery and Racism in Colonial Massachusetts.” Early American Literature29, no. 3, pp.254-72.

Walvin, J. (2019) ‘Freedom: The Overthrow of the Slave Empires’, London, Little brown Book group

Winthrop, John (1908) Winthrop’s journal : “History of New England”, 1630-1649, New York: Scribner.

Young, Alexander (1841) Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers of the Colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625, Boston: Little and Brown.

Zahedieh, Nuala (2010) “The Capital and the Colonies: London and the Atlantic Economy 1660-1700”, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Zinn, H. (1996) ‘A Peoples History of the United States’, Essex, Longman

 

B) Reading List in alphabetical order: a few mixed suggestions

Bailey, Ronald (1994) “The Other Side of Slavery: Black Labor, Cotton, and Textile Industrialization in Great Britain and the United States.” Agricultural History, vol. 68, no. 2, pp. 35–50.

Bailey, Ronald (1990) “The Slave(ry) Trade and the Development of Capitalism in the United States: The Textile Industry in New England.” Social Science History14, no. 3 pp.373-414.

Baptist, Edward (2015) The Half Has Never Been Told, New York: Basic Books.

Baker, J.W. (2009), “Thanksgiving: the biography of an American Holiday”, Durham, new Hampshire, University of New Hampshire Press

Bhandar, B. (2018) ‘Colonial Lives of Property: Law, Land, and Racial Regimes of Ownership’, Duke University Press

Blackburn, R. (1997) ‘The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the Modern 1492-1800’, London, Verso

Bohrer, Ashley (2018) “Just Wars of Accumulation: the Salamanaca School, Race and Colonial Capitalism”,Race & Class, Jan 2018, Vol. 56, No.3.

Borucki, A. et al, (2015) “Atlantic History and the Slave Trade to Spanish America”, American Historical Review 120, no. 2 (2015): 433–61

Brown, D. (1972) ‘Bury my Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West’, London, Pan Books

Brown, D. (2004) ‘The American West’, London, Pocket Books, Simon & Schuster

Bunker, N. (2010) Making Haste From Babylon: The Mayflower Pilgrims and Their World: a new history, London: Bodley Head.

Calder, Angus (1998) Revolutionary Empire: The Rise of the English-Speaking Empire from the Fifteenth Century to the 1780s, London: Pimlico.

Calloway, C.G. and Salisbury, N. (eds.) (2004) ‘Reinterpreting New England Indians and the Colonial Experience’, University of Virginia Press. [The Colonial Society of Mass. 2003] [Review American Indian Quarterly, 29:3&4 Sum/Fall 2003, Uni of Nabraska]

Carrington, Selwyn (1987) “The American Revolution and the British West Indies’ Economy” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 17, no. 4.

Cheetham, J.K. (2001) ‘On the trail of the Pilgrim Fathers’, Edinburgh, Luath

Cozzens, Peter (2016), ‘The earth is weeping’, London, Atlantic Books

Dadzie, Stella (2020), “A Kick in the Belly: Women, Slavery and Resistance”, London, Verso

Deloria, Philip and Neal Salisbury, Neal (eds.) (2004), ‘A Companion to American Indian History’, Wiley, Blackwell.

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2014) ‘An indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States’, Boston, USA, Beacon Press

*Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2019) ‘An indigenous Peoples’ History of the United States FOR YOUNG PEOPLE’, Boston, USA, Beacon Press*

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2016) ‘All the real Indians died off and 20 other myths about Native Americans’, Boston, USA, Beacon Press

Dunbar-Ortiz, R. (2018) “Loaded: A Disarming History of the Second Amendment”,  Boston, USA, Beacon Press

Evans, Chris (2010), “Slave Wales: The Welsh and Atlantic Slavery 1660-1850”, Cardiff, University of Wales Press

Evans, James (2017) ‘Emigrants: why the English sailed to the New World’. Orio/ W&N

Farrell G. (2017) “Ulster as a Colony in the Atlantic World.” In: The ‘Mere Irish’ and the Colonisation of Ulster, 1570-1641. Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham

Farrow, A., Lang, J., and Frank, J., (2006) ‘How the North Promoted, Prolonged and Profited from Slavery ‘ , New York, Ballantine Books

Fraser, Antonia (1973) Cromwell: Our Chief of Men, London, Wedenfeld and Nicolson (pp. 526-530)

Fraser, Rebecca (2017) The Mayflower Generation: The Winslow family and the Fight for the New World, London, Chatto & Windus (pp. 210-215)

Gaskill, M. (2014) ‘Between two worlds: how the English became Americans’, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Gibson, C. (2015) ‘Empire’s Crossroads: A new history of the Caribbean’, London, Pan Macmillan

Gill, C (1970) Mayflower Remembered: A history of the Plymouth Pilgrims, Newton Abbot: David & Charles.

Gopal, Priyamvada (2019), ‘Insurgent Empire: Anticolonial Resistance and British Dissent’, London, Verso

Gott, R. (2011) ‘Britain’s Empire: Resistance, repression and Revolt’, London, Verso

Gragg, Larry D. (1993) “A Puritan in the West Indies: The Career of Samuel Winthrop.” The William and Mary Quarterly50, no. 4 pp.768-86.

Grann, David (2017) Killers of the Flower Moon: Oil, Money, Murder and the Birth of the FBI, New York City: Simon and Schuster.

Gray, K. (2016) ‘Native American Voices in Colonial North America’ in Routledge Companion to Native American Literature, ed. Deborah Madsen. Routledge, 2016

Green, Steven K. (2015), “Inventing a Christian America: The Myth of the Religious Founding”, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Greene, Lorenzo (1928) “Slave-Holding New England and Its Awakening.” The Journal of Negro History13, no. 4pp.492-533.

Greene, Lorenzo (1942) The Negro in Colonial New England, 1620-1776. New York: Columbia University Press.

Grenier, John (2008), The first Way of war: American war making on the frontier 1607 – 1814, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Haden, John (2019), ‘Celebrating Mayflower 400 1620-2020 – but what about the Native Americans’, Tollerton, Nottinghamshire, Barny Books

Harris, Clive (ed.) (2008) Three Continents, one history: Birmingham, the Transatlantic Slave Trade and the Caribbean, Birmingham Afro-Caribbean Millennium Centre

Heath, D.B. (1963) Mourt’s Relation: a Journal of the Plymouth Pilgrims, Massachusetts: Applewood Books.

Hill, Christopher (1970) God’s Englishman: Oliver Cromwell and the English Revolution, London, Penguin Books

Hill, Christopher (1980) The Century of Revolution 1603-1714, Walton-on-Thames, Nelson & Sons

Horne, Gerald (2014), ‘The Counter-Revolution of 1776: Slave Resistance and the Origins of the United States of America’, New York, NYU Press, pp. 363, ISBN: 9781479893409

Horne, Gerald (2018), The Apocalypse of Settler Colonialism: The Roots of Slavery, White Supremacy, and Capitalism in Seventeenth-Century North America and the Caribbean, New York: Monthly Review.

Jennings, F. (1976) The Invasion of America: Indians, Colonialism and the Cant of Conquest, New York, Norton & Co.

Jordan, Winthrop (1961) “The Influence of the West Indies on the Origins of New England Slavery.” The William and Mary Quarterly 18, no. 2 pp.243-50.

Karuka, Manu (2019), ‘Empire’s Tracks: Indigenous Nations, Chinese Workers and the Transcontinental Railroad’, Oakland, University of California Press

Kimball, Eric, ‘What do we have to do with slavery’: New Englanders and the Slave Economies of the West Indies, Chapter 8 p. 181-194. In Beckert, Sven and Rockman, Seth, (2016) Slavery’s Capitalism: A New History of American Economic Development, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press

Klein, Herbert (1978) The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade, Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Lepore, Jill (1999), The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity, New York, Vintage Books.

Linebaugh, P. and Rediker, M., (2012) The Many-Headed Hydra: The Hidden History of the Revolutionary Atlantic, London, Verso.

Madley, Benjamin (2016) An American Genocide, The United States and the California Catastrophe, 1846-1873, London, Yale University Press

Mather, Cotton (1706) The Negro Christianized: An Essay to Excite and Assist that Good Work, the Instruction of Negro-Servants in Christianity, Boston: Green.

Milbrandt, Jay (2017) They Came for Freedom Nashville, Nelson Books

Morgan, Edmund (1964) The Founding of Massachusetts: Historians and the Sources, Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Newell, Margaret Ellen, (2015) ‘Brethren by nature: New England Colonists and the origin of American Slavery’, New York, Cornell University Press.

Ogden, Nancy, Catherine Perkins, and David M. Donahue (2008) “Not a Peculiar Institution: Challenging Students’ Assumptions about Slavery in U.S. History.” The History Teacher41, no. 4: 469-88.

Parker, Matthew (2011) The Sugar Barons: Family, Corruption, Empire and War, London: Hutchinson.

Philbrick, N. (2007) ‘Mayflower: A voyage to War’, London, Harper Perrenial

Phillips, Ulrich (1918) American Negro Slavery: A Survey of the Supply, Employment and Control of Negro Labor as Determined by the Plantation Régime, New York: Appleton.

Pilgrim Society (1871) The Proceedings at the celebration by the Pilgrim Society at Plymouth, : December 21, 1870 of the two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the landing of the pilgrims, Plymouth: John Wilson and Son.

Quigley, L. (2012) ‘Blood British history: Plymouth’ Stroud, UK, The History Press

RACE & CLASS (1992) ‘The Curse of Columbus’, Jan 1992, Vol. 33, No.3

Resendez, Andres (2016), ‘The other slavery’, Boston, Houghton

Richter, Daniel (2001), ‘Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America’ Cambridge, Mass : Harvard UP.

Sargent, Mark L. (1988), “The Conservative Covenant: The Rise of the Mayflower Compact in American Myth”, The New England Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), pp. 233-251

Saunton, Claudio (2020) Unworthy Republic: The Dispossession of Native Americans and the Road to Indian Territory, New York, W.W. Norton & Co.

Scanlan, Padraic X. (2020), ‘Slave Empire: How Slavery Built Modern Britain’, London, Robinson

Sherwood, Marika (2007) After Abolition: Britain and the Slave Trade since 1807, London, I.B. Tauris.

Shorto, Russell (2014), The Island at the Centre of the World, London: Abacus.

Swingen, Abigail L. (2015), Competing Visions of Empire: Labor, Slavery, and the Origins of the British Atlantic Empire. New Haven: Yale University Press

Steeds, Mark & Ball, Roger 2020, “From Wulfstan to Colston: Severing the sinews of slavery in Bristol”, Bristol, Bristol Radical History Group

Taylor, Michael (2020), The Interest: how the British establishment resisted the abolition of slavery, London, Bodley Head

Thomas, G. E. (1975) “Puritans, Indians, and the Concept of Race”, The New England Quarterly48, no. 1  pp.3-27.

Thomas, H. (1997 ) ‘The Slave Trade: the history of the Atlantic Slave-Trade, 1440-1870’ London, Picador

United Nations (2010), ‘Impact on Indigenous Peoples of the International Legal construct known as the Doctrine of Discovery, which has served as the Foundation of the Violation of their Human Rights‘, Tonya Gonnella Frichner author of E/C.19/2010/13, New York, UN Economic and Social Council.

Vaughan, V. A.,  New England Frontier: Puritans and Indians, 1620-1675

Vickers, D. (ed.) (2005) ‘A companion to colonial America’  Blackwell

Von Frank, Albert J. (1994) “John Saffin: Slavery and Racism in Colonial Massachusetts.” Early American Literature29, no. 3, pp.254-72.

Walvin, J. (2019) ‘Freedom: The Overthrow of the Slave Empires’, London, Little brown Book group

Warren, Wendy (2016) “New England Bound: slavery and colonization in early America”, New York, W.W. Norton & Co.

Wheatle, Alex, (2020) “Cane Warriors”, London, Anderson Press

Winthrop, John (1908) Winthrop’s journal : “History of New England”, 1630-1649, New York: Scribner.

Wolfe, P (2006) ‘Settler colonialism and the elimination of the native’, Journal of Genocide Research, Dec. 2006, Vol. 8 No. 6, pp.389 -409

Woolford, A. et al (Eds.) (2014) ‘Colonial Genocide in Indigenous North America’, Duke University Press

Wyss, Hilary (2000), ‘Writing Indians: Literacy, Christianity, and Native Community in Early America’, Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Young, Alexander (1841) Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers of the Colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625, Boston: Little and Brown.

Zahedieh, Nuala (2010) “The Capital and the Colonies: London and the Atlantic Economy 1660-1700”, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Zinn, H. (1996) ‘A Peoples History of the United States’, Essex, Longman

C) Reviews and excerpts

*AN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES’ HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE

Authors: Roxanne Dunbar-OrtizDebbie ReeseJean Mendoza

Spanning more than 400 years, this classic bottom-up history examines the legacy of Indigenous peoples’ resistance, resilience, and steadfast fight against imperialism.

The original 2014 edition has now been skilfully adapted by Debbie Reese and Jean Mendoza for young and adult readers to include discussion topics,  images,  maps and recommendations for further reading.

Bhandar (2018) Colonial Lives of Property: Law, Land, and Racial Regimes of Ownership, Duke University Press

Modern property laws defined according to particular types of cultivation and use emerged in conjunction with racial thinking that relegated indigenous people to the margins of civility and deprived them of the status required to be owners of their land. Bhandar (2018) p.113

Status… gave rise to recognizable property interests… and intangible entitlements….The transmissibility of status through biological inheritance was articulated through the racial and gender schemas germane to the colonial appropriation of indigenous lands and… slavery…Bhandar (2018) p.156/7

There cannot be a history of private property law … in early modern England that is not at the same time a history of land appropriation in Ireland, the Caribbean, North America and beyond. Bhandar (2018) p.3

Cadastral map

A cadastral map is a map defining land ownership. A cadastral map, usually the result of a land survey, legally re-defines both land ownership and social relations to a land area. As a result, it is a means whereby not only the size of portions of the land are measured and valued, but also is used in colonisation to legally determine the characteristics and value of those who can own it.

Karuka, Manu (2019), ‘Empire’s Tracks: Indigenous Nations, Chinese Workers and the Transcontinental Railroad’, Oakland, University of California Press.

In 1863, in the midst of the US Civil War, construction of the trans-continental railway was started. The Central Pacific Railroad Company was to build west to east and the Union Pacific Railroad Company east to west. Despite delays caused by wars, strikes and finance, the two lines met at Promontory Point in Utah in May 1869, and a new chapter in the story of North American colonialism was opened.

However, wars, strikes and finance are each part of the on-going story of ‘railroad colonialism’, a phenomena Karuka identifies as a world-wide historical process. Railroad construction and transportation facilitated both financial and industrial exports from colonising countries and the wide circulation of colonial products. They also required colonist domination of military, administrative and labour organisation in the countries in which they were implanted. Railroads not only supplemented colonial military backed incursions by sea, road, or canal, they extended the potential for political take over, finance reorganisation and labour exploitation to most parts of the world.

The realisation of this railroad potential came in the 19th and early 20th Centuries when they opened up new territories for inter-imperial conflict, that also led to new arenas and forms of resistance to imperialism. However, rail networks facilitated counterinsurgency to deal with resistance too. The German Empire’s opposition to the South West Africa Herero rebellion of 1904, for example, used railroads built by Herero forced labour to move troops. The murderous suppression not only led to forced labour concentration camps, but also subsequently to the distribution of these forced labourers (including children) to settlers as slaves.

In the USA, resistance came from Native Americans (e.g., Cheyenne, Dakota, Lakota, Paiute, Pawnee) defending their right to live in their societies and territories which the railroad expansion affected. It also came from the 20,000 Chinese migrant workers imported in the 1860s to build the Central Pacific side of the trans-continental link. While Indigenous peoples faced treaty violations, massacres and starvation, Chinese workers faced violent racist hostility, segregation and confinement, as well as markedly lower wages, longer hours and worse working and living conditions than white workers. Over in the east, Union Pacific construction job competition led to Black and white worker conflict, with the Maryland militia sent to break up the fighting, taking the side of the white workers. The racism involved was simultaneously both state and corporate, like the Trans-continental railroad itself. Leland Standford, first Governor of California was also a director of Central Pacific, and he appointed E.B. Crocker as Justice of California Supreme Court, while his brother, Charles Crocker, the superintendent of Central Pacific construction, procured Chinese labour via contractor companies, the largest of which was run by a triumvirate that included his other brother, Clark. The 3,000 strong Chinese workers’ strike of 1867 may be little talked of now, but at the time it shook the overlapping California Government and administration, the Central Pacific Railroad Company and its labour suppliers, as well as the US Federal Government. The National Government, in the form of the military and the Indian Bureau, meanwhile continued to play a pivotal enabling role for rail construction.

Attacks on Indigenous settlements, reservation creation and manipulation, protection of construction works and support for colonists of various kinds, e.g. buffalo hunters, prospectors, etc., were all part of what Karuka calls the war-finance nexus.

State racism, linked to corporation and railroad development, can also be seen post the trans-continental railroad completion in anti-Chinese legislation in 1882, and the reinvigoration of restrictive Jim Crow measures. These now included gendered and racialized rail travel, partly facilitated by the attack on the 1875 Civil Rights Act in 1883.

However, the author is also concerned to reveal how capitalist modes of relationships were developed in reaction to both on-going and pre-existing modes of relationships in North America alongside the development of the railroad. Karuka singles out the theorization of ‘modes of relationship’ in the works of Indigenous American scholars, educators, activists and writers, Ella Deloria, Sarah Winnemucca and Winona LaDuke. This theorizing he maintains, provides tools to criticise the development of colonial military, market and finance dominated relationships, and counter pose ‘infrastructures of decolonization [that] renew Indigenous modes of relationship’.

A central concept in his analysis is ‘countersovereignty’, the organised systematic attempt to violently claim the Americas through European rooted invasion and expansion. For example, the undermining of ‘Paiute women’s intergenerational relationships’, is, for Karuka, a gendered example of countersovereignty. However, for Karuka, though capitalist relations of production grow in reaction to ‘Indigenous relations rooted in place’, they do not supersede them. This implies that decolonisation remains possible. Karuka’s aim with this book is to aid understanding of the connections between the development of the railroads, the linked growth of corporations, war, finance capital and imperial states and the past and ongoing resistance to these developments.

Latin makes it legal

We can take this land because it belongs to no one

We can take this land using the law of terra nullius

We can take this land because it’s unoccupied

We can take this land using the law of vacuum domicilium

We can take this land because it’s nobody’s thing

We can take this land using the law of res nullius

D) websites

Mayflower 400

https://www.mayflower400uk.org/learning/

https://www.mayflower400uk.org/learning/teachers-toolkit/

https://www.mayflower400uk.org/education/who-were-the-pilgrims/2019/june/edward-winslow

http://www.mayflower400uk.org/about/

http://www.harwichmayflower.com/

http://www.plymouth400inc.org/

http://www.visitplymouth.co.uk/about-plymouth/the-mayflower

http://www.mayflower400uk.com/

http://plymouthculture.co.uk/vital-sparks/

http://www.onesmallcandle.co.uk/#!illuminate-plymouth—mayflower-400/zoom/mainPage/dataItem-ihi9rg0u

http://www.visitsuttonharbour.co.uk/press-releases/sutton-harbours-american-independence-celebrations/

http://www.plymouthherald.co.uk/plymouth-puts-map-mayflower-40-party/story-20767938-detail/story.html

http://www.mayflower400uk.com/category/news/

http://www.tourismsociety.org/job-details/47/mayflower-national-trail-tourism-project-manager.htm

https://www.plimoth.org/?mc_cid=99f24ca86c&mc_eid=%5BUNIQID

http://plymouthculture.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Mayflower-400-Plymouth-Culture-Presentation.pdf

http://www.historyisfun.org/about-us/americas-400th-anniversary/

http://www.plymouthherald.co.uk/plymouth-puts-map-mayflower-40-party/story-20767938-detail/story.html

http://www.plymouth.gov.uk/public_art_mayflower_400___opportunities.pdf

http://www.ctip.org.uk/welcome-to-churches-together-in-plymouth/mayflower-400/

Commemorations

Columbus

http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/columbus-quincentenary

Jamestown

http://www.jamestown2007.org/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamestown_2007

https://web.archive.org/web/20080517072743/http://rawstory.com:80/news/afp/For_Native_Americans_Jamestown_a_pa_04292007.html

http://www.historyisfun.org/jamestown-settlement/2019-commemoration/

https://www.geni.com/projects/Ancient-Planters-Passengers-of-the-Susan-Constant-1607/1636

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jamestown_2007

https://web.archive.org/web/20080517072743/http://rawstory.com:80/news/afp/For_Native_Americans_Jamestown_a_pa_04292007.html

http://www.historyisfun.org/jamestown-settlement/2019-commemoration/

http://cjonline.com/stories/112300/new_virginia.shtml#.V8sCvGVllRc

Slavery

http://www.liverpoolmuseums.org.uk/ism/srd/

http://www.understandingslavery.com

http://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/explore/transatlantic-slave-trade-and-abolition

abolition-slave-trade-1807-2007.pdf

http://www.history.ac.uk/1807commemorated/search.html

http://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/explore/transatlantic-slave-trade-and-abolition

USI Home Page.webarchive

Indigenous American

Current

http://grist.org/briefly/another-native-led-pipeline-battle-bubbles-up-in-new-jersey/

http://www.republicoflakotah.com/about-us/

http://www.uaine.org

http://www.uaine.org/suppressed_speech.htm

http://grist.org/briefly/another-native-led-pipeline-battle-bubbles-up-in-new-jersey/

http://www.nbcnewyork.com/news/local/NJ-Native-American-Lunaape-Tribe-Fights-Pilgrim-Pipeline-Plan-408359755.html

History

http://www.uaine.org/suppressed_speech.htm

https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/history/events/native-history-mayflower-sets-sail-starts-the-long-assault-of-indian-country/

http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2013/09/16/native-history-mayflower-sets-sail-starts-long-assault-indian-country-151290

https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/history/events/american-indian-slavery-the-sinners-and-secrets-of-brethren-by-nature/

http://mashpeewampanoagtribe.com/

http://www.republicoflakotah.com/2009/cooking-the-history-books-the-thanksgiving-massacre

 

General Historical

http://zinnedproject.org/why/

http://www.ulstervirginia.com/acrosstheatlantic.asp

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/16/2/09-0276_article

General

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2014/06/24/323665644/the-map-of-native-american-tribes-youve-never-seen-before

http://mayflowerhistory.com/primary-sources-and-books/

http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/

http://www.history.co.uk/this-day-in-history/12-18/mayflower-pilgrims-come-ashore-at-plymouth-harbour

http://www.ctip.org.uk/welcome-to-churches-together-in-plymouth/mayflower-400/

http://www.historyfiles.co.uk/FeaturesBritain/EarlyModern_Pilgrims01.htm

http://www.scholastic.com/scholastic_thanksgiving/letters/tribe_letter3.htm

https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/16/2/09-0276_article

http://spofga.org/flag/2013/first_thanksgiving.php

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/comnetwork/2011/12/03/after-the-mayflowerthe-native-american-genocide

http://origins.osu.edu/review/mayflower-story-courage-community-and-war

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Keystone_Pipeline#Keystone_XL

http://archive.vcu.edu/english/engweb/home/voyage.htm

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